Regional Profile: Liguria, Italy, Gulf of Poets

4 Places to Visit

Built by the Augustinians before 1696 and designed by A. M. Ricca, it owes its name to the revered statue by Gagini (15th century), standing today on the main altar. The sanctuary is also home to a Nativity filled with hundreds of statues. Santuario della MadonnettaPhotos: www.wikimediafoundation.org

Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Spinola The edifice was constructed in 1593 as per the will of Francesco Grimaldi on the pre-existent Medieval foundations. The museum was conceived with the artwork, furnishings, ceramics, silver, books and etchings which the marquis Paolo and Franco Spinola donated in 1958 to the Italian State. Photos of the main floors and kitchen courtesy of the director of the Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Spinola.

The Grotta dell'Arpaia (now collapsed), known as Byron's Grotto (Cave), is the point Lord Byron was supposed to have begun his long swim across the Gulf of Spezia to meet Percy Bysshe Shelley at Lerici, in 1822. Byron's CavePhotos: http://www.flickr.com/photos/tearsandrain/

One of the main sights of Lerici is its notorious castle controlling the entrance of the Gulf of La Spezia. Today the castle contains a museum of palaeontology. Lerici CastlePhoto credit: Stefano Sguà

 

4 Books to Read

1. Don Juan by Lord Byron

Don Juan by Lord Byron

Don Juan is a satiric poem based on the legend of Don Juan, which Byron transposes by portraying Juan not as a womanizer but as someone easily seduced by women.


2. The Path to the Nest of Spiders by Italo Calvino

The Path to the Nest of Spiders

This was the first novel of Italian 20th century writer Italo Calvino and is a "coming of age" story, set against the backdrop of World War II.


3. Satura by Eugenio Montale

Satura

Satura is one of Montale's later works of poetry and it contains a poignant elegy to his wife Drusilla Tanzi.


4. (and 5.) "Prometheus Unbound" and "Ode to the West Wind" by Percy Bysshe Shelley

Prometheus UnboundOde to the West Wind

"Prometheus Unbound" is a four-act play by Percy Bysshe Shelley first published in 1820, concerned with the torments of the Greek mythological figure Prometheus and his suffering at the hands of Zeus. "Ode to the West Wind" is an ode written by Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1819 near Florence, Italy; it was also published in 1820.

Italy's seaside region of Liguria has a rich artistic heritage. Along its gulf lie Genoa and La Spezia, port cities surrounded by picturesque villages. One of the villages dotting the sea is Lerici, where writer and film director Mario Soldati lived. In earlier days, Percy and Mary Shelley resided there in their boat home, Casa Magni, and Lord Byron flocked to this area, frequenting a grotto in Portovenere. Italo Calvino and Eugenio Montale also lived in the region.

Interestingly, because this getaway was a favorite among these and other writers—D. H. Lawrence, Hans Christian Andersen, Virginia Woolf, and Dante—the gulf of La Spezia earned the nickname "the Gulf of Poets." Lerici, Portovenere, San Terenzo, and Portofino are all known for their scenery, excellent seafood, and literary history.

More recently, the area has produced important contributors to the world of innovation. Renzo Piano is a native of Genoa and still owns a woodworking workshop there. A world-famous architect, his projects include the expansion of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, and now the Shard London Bridge. The latter will soar above neighboring structures as the tallest building in the European Union. – Ashley Roy

 

 

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